Single Estate Teas
Ceylon single estate tea comes from a single plantation. The estate has its own name and a known geographical location, elevation, climate and soil characteristics. Because the tea factory is located here, the freshly plucked tea leaves can be processed immediately and turned into the final product. Single estate tea is not blended and comes in its pure form directly from the estate factory. Our single estate black teas & Green Teas are selected from the best mid-grown and high-grown tea plantation of Sri Lanka. Most tea estates in Sri Lanka were created by the British by the end of the 19th century. The very first was set up by Scotsman James Taylor in 1867. Just as wine differs by winery, tea from each estate may have its own unique characteristics.
One of the best known tea growing districts is Nuwara Eliya, located in the Central province. It produces so called high-grown tea, due to its elevations up to 6,200 ft (1,890m). The cool climate of these elevations and limited rainfall, create a unique conditions for tea growing, resulting in a delicate flavor valued by tea connoisseurs around the world. One of most well known single estate teas from Nuwara Eliya region is Labookellie. The most popular tea grades produced are Orange Pekoe (OP), Pekoe, Broken Orange Pekoe (BOP) and Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe (FBOP).
Ceylon Black Tea
Black tea is the fully oxidized tea, made popular in Europe by British. Tea growing at Sri Lanka were started by British by end of the 19th century, after the death of coffee plantations there. Most of tea produced at Sri Lanka uses the orthodox method, which is largely manual, as opposed to the CTC method, which uses machinery.
Depending on the elevation of a tea plantation, tea produced in Sri Lanka can be classified as one of the three: low-grown, mid-grown and high-grown.
The high-grown teas are considered self-drinking, whereas the low-grown teas are more suitable for blends. Our single estate black teas are selected from the best mid-grown and high-grown tea plantation of Sri Lanka, and our Ceylon black tea blends use the best, natural ingredients such as Ceylon cinnamon, ginger, turmeric, lemongrass combined in some blends with rose petals and Marigold petals.
To steep black tea, per 6 ounces of water, use between one and two teaspoons of tea, depending on the grade. Use more tea for the leafy type, and less tea for the broken type. The steeping time should be between 3 and 5 minutes.
Ceylon Green Tea
Green tea comes from the same plant as black tea (Camellia Sinensis), but it does not undergo oxidation during manufacturing, as black tea does. To prevent oxidation, the fresh tea leaves are first steam-heated in the factory. This is unlike the withering process used for black tea. Ceylon green tea from Sri Lanka follows grade nomenclature similar to that for Chinese green tea. The three basic types are Chunmee (CH), Gun Powder (GP), and Young Hyson (YH).
To steep green tea, use six ounces of water and one to two teaspoons of tea, depending on the grade. Steep for a short time, from one and a half to two minutes. Be sure to use water that has cooled from boiling. Its temperature should be from 170 to 180 degrees F (77 to 82 degrees C). This will ensure that the tea does not become bitter and retains its original sweetness.
Ceylon Flavored Tea
We create our flavoured Ceylon teas by adding dried fruits and flowers to quality black or green tea. The natural flavours of bergamot, ginger, cinnamon, lemon, jasmine, and much more others enhance the qualities of our premium teas and add to the pleasure of tea drinking.
Grades and Definitions
Black Tea - Main Grades
P/PEK – Pekoe - Twisted and Coarse
Pekoe1 - Same style, but small in size than the Pekoe
OPA - Orange Pekoe ‘A’ - A good quality tea, consisting of large and slightly open leaf pieces
OP - Orange Pekoe – Same Style but small than OPA
OP1-Orange Pekoe One – More Wiry than OP
BOP1 - Broken Orange Pekoe one – Wiry and small than OP1
BOP - Broken Orange Pekoe - Small or broken pieces of leaves
BOPF - Broken Orange Pekoe Fanning’s - Smaller than BOP leaves , broken leaf, slightly larger than dust
FBOP - Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe - Same style of BOP but slightly bigger in size and consisting few tips
FBOP1 - Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe one - Little small than the BOP1
FBOPF - Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe Fanning’s - Similar to the BOP leaf but firm leaf and consisting few tips
FBOPF1 - Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe Fanning’s one – Similar to the BOPF but firm leaf and consisting little more tips then FBOPF
FBOPFSP - Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe Fanning’s Special - Similar to the FBOPF1 but firm and more black leaf with much better tips, prices are high
FBOPFEXSP - Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe Fanning’s Extra Special – Similar to FBOP1 but firm and more black leaf with much better leafy tips, expensive than
D1 – Dust 1 - The smallest of particles smaller than Fanning’s leaves
D – Dust – Similar to D1 but will appear slightly brown powder leaves price must be low
D2 - Similar to D but will appear fibrous brown powder leaves price must be low then D
Off Grades (Teas which are is not match for main grades)
BOP 1A – Broken Orange Pekoe one A– Weight Less Large leaves
BM - Broken Mix – Smaller then BOP 1A’s
FNGS - Fanning’s broken leaves, slightly larger than dust
FNGS 1- Fanning’s broken leaves, slightly larger than FNGS
PFNGS - Fanning’s broken leaves, slightly larger than dust
PFNGS 1- Fanning’s broken leaves, slightly larger than PFNGS
BP - Broken Pekoe - Broken Stems price must be low
BT - Broken Tea - Broken pieces price must be low
CTC Teas (crush, tear, curl or cut, tear, curl)
BPS : Broken Pekoe Special – Even curl pieces
BP1 : Broken Pekoe 1- Little smaller then BPS
BPL : Broken Pekoe Leaf – Even leaf pieces
PF1 : Pekoe Fanning’s 1 – Similar to BP1 but small pieces
PD : Pekoe Dust - The smallest of particles smaller than PF1 leaves
CH – Chunmee – Curl twisted pieces smaller then GP Sp
GP1 – Gun Powder 1 - Twisted and Coarse similar to Pekoe but color must be green
GP2 – Gun Powder 2 – Little opened coarse slightly bigger then GP1
GP Sp – Gun Powder Special – Bloom Curl twisted pieces bigger then CH
YH1 – Young Hyson 1 – Similar to OP but color must be green
YH2 – Young Hyson 2 - Little opened and slightly bigger then YH1
GC – Green Curl - Opened coarse more dark color leaves
SW – Sowmee - Even and neat opened pieces
Sencha - consists of tiny dark green needle-shaped pieces
GTFF – Green Tea Flowery Fanning’s - Similar to the BOPF firm leaf but Green color consisting little tips
GTFF1 – Green Tea Flowery Fanning’s 1 - Similar to the GTFF but little bigger in size
GRP – Green Tea Powder – Powder type tea last part of the manufacture
Silver Tips - These teas are small, unopened leaves of the tea plant. These tips are also commonly known as "buds," although they do not form flowers and also appear silver mixed white color.
Golden Tips – Similar to silver tips color appear as gold mixed white.
Fanning’s – Smaller leaves, similar to broken leaves larger than dust.